Theresa May has said MPs have “one last chance” to deliver Brexit, urging them to back what she said was a “new deal”.
MPs will get a vote on whether to hold another referendum if they back the EU Withdrawal Agreement Bill, she said.
The bill also contains new guarantees on workers’ rights, environmental protections and the Northern Irish border, as well a customs “compromise”.
Labour said it was a “rehash” of existing plans and Tory Brexiteers took to social media to vent their anger.
Jacob Rees-Mogg said what was on offer was “worse than before”, while Zac Goldsmith said the bill was a “convoluted mess” and the prime minister – who has offered to quit once a Brexit agreement is approved by Parliament – should leave now.
MPs have rejected the withdrawal agreement negotiated with the EU three times and attempts to find a formal compromise with Labour also failed.
In what is seen as a last roll of the dice, Mrs May is now bringing the Withdrawal Agreement Bill – legislation required to bring the agreement into UK law – to Parliament in early June.
Brexit: What happens next?
In a speech in London, the PM implored MPs to come together, saying a negotiated exit from the EU would be “dead in the water” if they rejected the plan.
“I have compromised, now I ask you to compromise too,” she said, adding that she had even “offered to give up the job I love earlier than I would like”.
Mrs May said the deadlock over Brexit was having a “corrosive” impact on political debate in the country and was stopping progress in other areas.
“The majority of MPs say they want to deliver the result of the referendum… and I believe there is now one last chance to do that,” she said.
“We are making a new offer to find common ground in Parliament. That is the only way to deliver Brexit.”
The key points of the PM’s revised plan are:
A guarantee of a Commons vote on whether to hold another referendum on the government’s Brexit deal, with a promise to honour the outcome
A vote on different customs options, including a government proposal for a temporary customs union for goods – what Mrs May called a “customs compromise”
A legal obligation for the UK to come up with an alternative to the Northern Ireland backstop by the end of 2020
If the backstop does come into force, the bill would guarantee Northern Ireland remains aligned with the rest of the UK and remains in same customs territory
Legislation to ensure workers rights are “every bit as good if not better” after Brexit and guarantees of no dilution in environmental standards
A legal duty to seek changes to the political declaration on future relations with the EU
While she personally opposed another referendum on the terms of Brexit, the PM said she recognised the “genuine and sincere” feelings on the issue in Parliament.
She urged MPs to back the Withdrawal Agreement Bill at its first parliamentary hurdle in June and then “make the case” for another public vote when the bill was examined in detail later.
Did the prime minister just make it worse? It hardly seems that would have been possible.
Her agreement with the EU had been sharply kicked out several times by MPs. She’d promised that she would quit and get out of the way if that bought more support. Then she took the risk of talking to the political enemy to try to get a different deal.
But those measures failed – leaving her hope this time to dangle a bauble to each of Parliament’s different Brexit tribes in the much more extensive plan of how she’d actually put our departure into law.
But even before she started talking, many MPs simply weren’t listening.
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Members of the cabinet, which earlier backed the plan, said they hoped the fresh concessions would galvanise Parliament.
International Trade Secretary Liam Fox said it was “crunch time” and by backing the bill, MPs would be able to shape “what sort of Brexit they want”.
But Labour leader Jeremy Corbyn said he would not support the bill and could not see how it would get through Parliament.
“It’s basically a rehash of what was discussed before and it doesn’t make any fundamental moves on market alignment or the customs union or indeed protection of rights,” he said.
“There’s also, of course, the question of the deliverability of it. The prime minister has already indicated she’s going to leave office.”
Tory Brexiteers responded angrily to the PM’s new plan with Conor Burns, a former ministerial aide to Boris Johnson, saying the bill should not now be tabled.
Iain Duncan Smith said it left the EU “firmly in control of our destiny” while Anne-Marie Trevelyan accused Mrs May of “trying to ram her botched deal through on Labour votes by keeping us in the customs union and allowing Brussels to dictate our future trade policy”.
Northern Ireland’s Democratic Unionists, who keep Mrs May’s government in power, said the plans were still “fundamentally flawed”.
And Labour’s Peter Kyle, one of the chief supporters of another referendum in his party, said Mrs May’s promises could easily be reversed by her successor.
He said what was being offered was a “strange complex process” rather than a “clean, simple confirmatory ballot on her deal”.
The SNP said they could not support any plan which took the UK out of the single market while the Lib Dems said Mrs May did not have the political authority to guarantee any of her proposals would ever happen.